DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/jti.22.1.47-52

Eco-Efficiency of Pencil Preduction Using Life Cycle Assessment to Increase the Manufacture Sustainability

Ratna Purwaningsih, Christoper Frans Simanjuntak, Zainal Fanani Rosyada

Abstract


This study aims to measure the environmental costs (eco-cost) and the eco-efficiency ratio rate (EER) of the production of pencils and formulate some recommendations to improve the manufacture sustainability. The measurement of Eco-efficiency was performed using life cycle assessment (LCA) with the eco-cost method. The pencil manufacturer produces a waste of 20 %, and the product rejects 37 %. The material used is wood, slat, and chemical material for painting. The result of the data processing shows that the eco-costs of IDR 50.593.583 for 4200 grosses production lot size. The eco-efficiency index or EEI for pencil product was 1,69, which means that the products are affordable and sustainable. The eco-efficiency ratio rate (EER) is 41% means that pencil production processes need improvement. The single score Impact Category Diagram shows that the most significant environment impact category is climate change. The recommendation to improve the EER of pencil production based on Impact Category Diagram is (1) to increase the utilizing of wood waste and (2) to increase the capability of technicians and operators to reduce the product rejection. These recommendations aim to reduce the wood consumed in production.


Keywords


Eco-cost, eco-efficiency, life cycle assessment (LCA), sustainability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Lehtinen, H., Saarentaus, A., Rouhiainen, J., Pitts, M., and Azapagic, A., A Review of LCA Methods and Tools and Their Suitability for SMEs. Manchester: Europe Innova Biochem, 2011.

Yan, J. Handbook of Clean Energy System. Retieved from Wiley Online Library: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/book/10.1002/9781118991979, Mei 4, 2015.

Basuki, B., Eco-Efficiency and Sustainable Deve-lop¬ment as Efforts to Produce Environmentally Friendly Product: An Exploratory Case Study. Social and Environmental Accounting, 2015, 199-218199-218.

Lehni, M., Eco-Efficiency Creating More Value with Less Impact. Switzerland: World Bussiness Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), 2000.

Ichimura, M., Nam, S., Bonjour, S., Rankine, H., Carisma, B., Qiu, Y., and Khrueachotikul, R., Measuring Resource-use Efficiency and the Impact of Economic Activities, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, 2009.

Purwaningsih, R., Cahyantari, A, E., Ariyani Z., Susanty, A., Arvianto, A., and Santoso, H., Product-service System Method to Measure Sus-tainability Level of Traditional Smoked Fish Processing Industries, MATEC Web of Confe¬ren-ces, 154, 01062, 2018.

Lewis, H., and Demmers, M., Life Cycle Assess-ment and Environmental, Australasian Journal of Environmental, 2013, 110-123.

Hansen Don R., and Mowen M. M., Managerial Accounting, Eighth Edition, Thompson, USA, 2007.

TuDelf, The Model of the Eco-costs / Value Ratio (EVR), Retrieved from:https://www.ecocostsvalue.com/

Pringgajaya, K. A., and Ciptomulyono, U., Imple-mentasi Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) dan Pen-dekatan Analytical Network Process (ANP) un-tuk Pengembangan Produk Hetric Lamp yang Ramah Lingkungan, Jurnal Teknik ITS, 1(1), 2012,pp. A515-A520.

Harjanti, T. R., Fahrurrozi, M., and Bendiyasa, I. M., Life Cycle Assessment Pabrik Semen PT Holcim Indonesia Tbk. Pabrik Cilacap: Kom-parasi antara Bahan Bakar Batubara dengan Biomassa, Jurnal Rekayasa Proses, 6(2), 2012,pp.51-58.

Sari, D. P., Hartini, S., Rinawati, D. I., and Wicaksono, T. S., Pengukuran Tingkat Eko-Efisiensi Menggunakan Life Cycle Assessment untuk Menciptakan Sustainable Production di Industri Kecil Menegah Batik, Jurnal Teknik Industri, 14(2),2012, 137-144.

Vogtlander, Bamboo a Sustainable Solution for Western Europe, Design Cases, LCAs and Land Use, Delft University of Technology, Nederland, 2009.

UNO, ESCAP 2009 Eco-e_ciency Indicators: Measuring Resource-use E_ciency and the Impact of Economic Activities on the Environment, United Nations Ecoomic and Social Commisions for Asia and the Pasific.

Park Hung-Suck, and Bahera, S. K., Metho¬do-logical Aspects of Applying Eco-efficiency Indica-tors to Industrial Symbiosis Networks, Journal of Cleaner Production, 64, 2014, pp 478 -485.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/jti.22.1.47-52



Instructions for Preparing Papers for JTI.docx
Panduan untuk Menulis di JTI.docx

The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia.

©All right reserved 2016.Jurnal Teknik Industri, ISSN: 1411-2485, e-ISSN: 2087-7439

shopify traffic stats
View My Stats